Cardinal Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger took the name Benedict XVI when he was elected the 265th successor of St Peter on 19 April 2005. The papal conclave that resulted in his election was assembled after the death of Pope Saint John Paul II.
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Having served as Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, Pope Benedict XVI held the office of Pope for almost eight years.
He resigned on 28 February 2013 having announced his intention to do so on the morning of 11 February 2013. He was the first pope to resign the office for 600 years.
He chose to be known by the title “Pope Emeritus” upon his resignation.
Pope Benedict’s visit to the UK in 2010 was the first State visit of a Bishop of Rome to these shores.
All our content covering the four-day Apostolic Visit alongside biographies, encyclicals, exhortations and more can be found on the official website.